Eliminate hunger, achieve a secure food supply, achieve a better diet and promote sustainable agriculture.
"Guarantee all people access to food all year round"
A large part of the world’s population is today malnourished and suffering from hunger despite the fact that there are really nutritious as well as good food that could suffice for everyone. The problem lies in how we handle, consume and share the food that is available. Solving this problem requires efforts and changes from several directions, including the agricultural sector.
Future Earth works to promote smallholder and family farming instead of large-scale industrial farming with monocultures. Industrial agriculture poses major problems both environmentally and socially, as it causes, among other things, loss of biodiversity and gives a few people control over capital and land. Usually, it is also not the local population who can access or afford to buy the food grown on industrial agriculture, it is exported to other countries where the capital is located. Yet, it is small farmers who provide most of the food for the inhabitants of the Global South.
Strengthening small farmers’ rights to land and crops, creating seed bank networks, and spreading knowledge about crops and cultivation techniques that provide a more durable and varied harvest are some of the ways in which Future Earth’s projects work to reach Goal 2 – Zero hunger.
2.1 By 2030, eliminate hunger and guarantee all people, especially the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including young children, access to adequate and safe food all year round.
2.2 By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
2.3 By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
2.4 By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
2.5 By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
2.a Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
2.b Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
2.c Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility